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National Institutes of Health Nationwide
Archaeological Assessments, Phase I Archaeological Surveys,
and Phase II Archaeological Evaluation Excavations
for Department of Health & Human Services, National Institutes of Health Bethesda, Maryland

As part of master planning processes, the preparation of Environmental Impact Statements, and Section 106 compliance, EAC/A has undertaken archaeological assessments, Phase I surveys, Phase II evaluation excavations and Phase III data recovery archaeological investigations at NIH facilities. Sites have ranged from a 513 acre National Institutes of Health Animal Center located near Poolesville, Maryland to the main campus in Bethesda, Maryland. These archaeological investigations have included both prehistoric and historic archaeological resources.

In order to assess the prehistoric archaeological potential of the various NIH facilities, research was conducted to identify prehistoric sites in the vicinity. A walkover survey was conducted on each site and local informants were consulted to discuss previous random finds of artifacts in the vicinity. Springs and other natural features were identified in order to assess prehistoric archaeological potential in their vicinity.

Historic archaeological potential was assessed at each site by conducting a complete title search of the property and general historical research on specific activities such as Civil War, agricultural use, and slave activities in the area. A "slave" graveyard was identified on one property as well. Agricultural and domestic structures such as dairy barns, agricultural outbuildings and pole barns were also identified and evaluated.

The final product for each NIH facility was a complete archaeological report identifying all areas of prehistoric and historic archaeological potential with maps and deeds appended.

Click here for Aerial Imagery Analysis of the Bethesda, Maryland facility
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